Wait. Watch. Pray.

It’s time to wait, watch and pray.  I write this in an airport departure lounge on my way to Kingston, Ontario and the 143rd General Assembly of The Presbyterian Church in Canada.  Debates on human sexuality are on the docket again this year, just as most mainline churches (Lutheran, Anglican, United, etc) have been focused on these matters for the last several decades.  The PCC is next up in this discussion/debate discerning the will of the Holy Spirit, the interpretation of Scripture, and the call for justice in the church.  Canadian Presbyterians look south to the PC-USA suffering losses in light of their pro-inclusion decision of GA Detroit 2014, and overseas with the on going movement towards full inclusion in the “Mother Kirk” – The Church of Scotland.  Meanwhile, like every other mainline denomination in the West, the PCC is facing significant decline in membership, resources and influence in society.

In her exceptional book on Canadian Church History The Church with the Soul of the Nation, Phyllis Airhart offers this little gem from the old Church Union debate in the early decades of the last century:

The day after the inauguration of the United Church of Canada, author Lucy Maud Montgomery mulled dejectedly over glowing newspaper accounts of its “birth.” In recent years she and her husband, Ewan Macdonald, a Presbyterian minister, had made no secret of their opposition to the proposed union. Nevertheless, one of his two pastoral charges had voted to unite with the insufferable Methodists in Zephyr, Ontario. They now face the unwelcome prospect of packing up the family belongings and moving from the Leaskdale manse. Cynical about the claims made for union and embittered by the outcome of the vote, Montgomery wrote in her journal entry later that day, ‘in Nature the births of living things do not take place in this fashion…No, ‘tis no birth. It is rather the wedding of two old churches, both of whom are too old to have offspring.”

And so I sit here and prepare myself for more debates this week on a topic that I’ve been listening to for 30 years.  But I wonder about Montgomery’s cautionary note regarding old, mainline (offline?) denominations in the West who are focused on certain issues yet seemingly blind to others.  West Vancouver resident Douglas Coupland claims in his book Life After God that Gen X – my generation – is the first to be raised without religion.  While that may not be entirely true, perhaps we were the last Sunday School drop out generation, nevertheless we see the reality now with Millennials who are living their lives spiritually detached from the traditional church in mass numbers.  I would love to attend more church gatherings where the missional engagement of a post-Christendom generation is on the docket.  I would love to hear more conversation in the church about how we can effectively translate the gospel into the current culture and help make disciples for Jesus to bless and mend God’s broken world.  I would love to hear God’s people strategizing for how best to equip the elect, saved to be sent, into the world to witness to the glory of God we know in Jesus Christ.  Until then, it’s time to wait, watch and pray.

Ross Lockhart is Associate Professor at St. Andrew’s Hall, Vancouver and Director of The Centre for Missional Leadership.

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Jesus, Interrupted

Such a long road, from there to here.

Such a long road, from Nazareth to Bethlehem to Galilee to Capernaum to Bethphage to Jerusalem to Golgotha to empty tomb to Pentecost;

from Syria to my house; from North Korea to my church

to Halifax to Dartmouth to Sydney to St John to Calgary to Nigeria to Kenya to Bethlehem, to Bethlehem, to Bethlehem…

A long road, long in time, long in spirit, long in effort. Jesus walked it, taking the long way there, walking from birth to death, to resurrection to abiding presence.

Not a long earthly life, mind you, certainly not by our standards in the age of perpetual motion medicine. But still, a long road: full, measured, always focused on people.

What long roads have you walked?


Have you walked the long road of suffering, or loss, or grief, or pain? Have you walked the long road of palliative care?
Or of chronic illness? Or of depression?
Have you walked the hard road of divorce? Or abuse, or betrayal?

Are you even today walking such a road?
Or the long road to get to the next payday?
Or the end of term?

These are long roads. Hard roads. And somehow, in some way, our faith tells us that Jesus walks them with us. Maybe even carries us sometimes.

When I think of the pain of this world, and the pain I know, and the pain I have seen in others, I do not want the kind of Jesus most often held up for us to consume and digest.  

I do not yearn for a Jesus who is happy-clappy, content and apart, distant, aloof from suffering. I do not yearn for an easygoing Jesus, surfer Jesus, serene, slightly medicated, snoozing under the radar of reality.

“Well, I don’t care if it rains or freezes,
Long as I have my plastic Jesus
Riding on the dashboard of my car
I could go a hundred miles an hour
Long as I got the Almighty Power
Glued up there with my fuzzy dice.”

(authorship disputed)

That Jesus is the therapeutic, insulated Jesus, who knows no pain and cannot walk with us down our long and hard roads.

When I think of the pain of this world, and the pain I know, and the pain I see in others, I want the real Jesus, the one in the Bible, who rode into Jerusalem on a humble donkey, not a warhorse, like a conquering king.

I want the Jesus the crowds greeted with shouts of “hosanna” –
“hosanna” … meaning “save us – save now”
for they knew their need of saviour.  

I want that Jesus who looked at them with bright and troubled eyes,
that Jesus who had known their illness and healed them,
who had known their hunger and eaten with them and fed them, who had felt the depths of their desperation and wept with them.

That Jesus.

I don’t want a superstar who will anesthetize the reality of pain, but the Christ of Christmas and Calvary;
the Jesus Christ who has lived through the same pain,
and has walked the hard roads,
and knows the mercy and grace of God
in the power of resurrection.

Is Jesus all we want him to be?
Does he conform to our expectations?
Does he surprise us sometimes?

Is Jesus containable, portable, predictable?
Can we squish him into our narrow definitions?
Can we guess what he will do, what he will say?

Or is he somehow free even from us, free for us,
… free from the world and social convention,
yet free for the world,
precisely because he does not find his self-image
in the opinions of others,
in others’ approval?

Just as we think he’ll be the upright law-abiding type,
he tells his followers to swipe a donkey.

Just as we think he will call out the tax collector Zacchaeus
and chastise the cheating cheater that he is,
Jesus goes home with him for supper.

Just as we think he will fill the table of the messianic banquet
with the beautiful people,
he invites the rags, the beggars, the chronically ill.

Just as we think he will crash through the gates of hell,
he retires to the hills for prayer.

Just as we think he will force a showdown with the Pharisees,
he retreats to a garden to weep and struggle with God.

Just as we think he will pull off one last incredible miracle
and blast the enemies of God to smithereens,
he bows his head, accepts the shackles of his accusers,
and dies, broken and bleeding on a cross.

Just as we think he is dead and gone,
the third day dawns.


Even radical prophetic Jesus,
whom we love to love for his shameless disturbing of the peace,
had moments of simply turning aside to attend to the needs
he believed to be most pressing.

He did not care if the religious leaders liked him,
or if the powerful knew him,
or if the successful respected him.

He was on a mission, to do the will of the One who sent him.
After a miracle, he did not seek fame:
in fact, he told the crowds to keep quiet about it.

For Jesus it was enough to seek God’s Spirit in all of life.
It was enough to love the unlovely, the ugly, the rejected.
It was enough to eat with the excluded, the forgotten, the despised.

For Jesus it was enough to come into Jerusalem riding a donkey – not the warhorse of a conquering King – and while he received their shouts of joy and acclamation at the gates,
and heard the crowd crying “save now,”
and trod upon their cloaks,
and saw their palm branches waving,
 it was enough for him all the while to turn his face
toward Jerusalem and accept what was coming:

the shouts of joy turning into derisive cries for his execution;
the cloaks on the ground
turning into abandonment and denial;
the palm branches turning into faces turned away,
too ashamed, horrified, fearful
to look upon the spectacle of the murdered messiah.

As Paul in Philippians put it, it was enough for Jesus to accept human form, the form of a slave – to live among us and love us as we are so that we can become what God would have us be.

C.S. Lewis once said
that for the divine Jesus to become human in our midst
is something like what it would be for one of us
to consent to live like a slug among the trash of the garden.

Lowly and without desire to “get anywhere, have anything, or be anybody” (David Buttrick, Preaching Jesus Christ, 30), Jesus accepted a life of obedience
for our sakes, to lead us to God;
he humbled himself to a death on a cruel cross
so that WE might have life.

And it was enough for God, more than enough,
that this human Jesus, this divine Jesus,
this bent and broken Jesus,
this denied and dead Jesus,
bleeding on a chunk of wood,
should stand in for us and become for us
the best pathway of all.

It was enough.

“It is finished,” cried the Christ on Calvary,
crying out with his last breath that
we shall no longer be separated from God by any means:

not by any sin, not by any wrongdoing, not by any error,
not by any mistake, not by any poor judgment,
not by any of the sad and sorrowful ways in which we manage to entangle ourselves and each other:

NO, cries the Christ: it is finished.

And the veil of the temple is torn in two and we, even we, may enter the holy of holies;
we may come before God in all God’s wonder and majesty and mystery and great shining love.

And through Christ we are called and welcomed into the household of God,
from whatever places,
whatever roads we have walked
or wheeled or whimpered or wandered.

Who is this king called Christ?
“Who is this?” That’s what the crowds in Jerusalem asked when the palm branches got thrown before him.

This is the lowly one, the Christ, the Son with no home.

Down the roads we walk, you and I,
roads of hope and horror and healing,
roads of forgetfulness and forgiveness and fear,
roads of despair and even death,
roads of renewal and the possibility of a new thing
that God is doing in the world …

down all these roads, this Jesus walks at our side.

Thanks be to God.

Rob Fennell teaches theology and the history of Christianity at Atlantic School of Theology in Halifax, Nova Scotia.

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Lordy, Lordy look who’s Forty!

“Teach us to number our days, that we may gain a heart of wisdom.”

Psalm 40: 12

This week I celebrated a birthday.  I’m not sure if one birthday is supposed to be more important than any other, but this one had a nice round number.  Turning 40 with a celebration of family and friends (complete with a Murder Mystery party and John Calvin birthday cake) was a great blessing.

The occasion also gave me the opportunity to reflect on the experience of God’s grace in my life over four decades.  I give God thanks for being raised in a loving, faithful Christian household connected to a caring and dynamic church family.  I give God thanks for his steadfast love and faithfulness through my teen years when, in the midst of sorrow and strife, I heard God’s call to ministry for the first time.  I am grateful for my twenties and the opportunity to engage in theological education, fall in love and marry, serve wonderful congregations and learn the ropes of pastoral ministry.  For my thirties and congregational ministry in different parts of this great country, challenging and rewarding doctoral work, the joy of raising three children and the clarity of hearing God’s call into a teaching ministry in a seminary – I feel deeply blessed.  I look forward into this new decade of life and ministry aware of the psalmists’ instruction to number our days in order to gain a heart of wisdom.  I too am deeply grateful for the triune God’s prevenient, justifying and sanctifying grace at work in my life.  I too desire that wisdom from God as I grow and mature in my missionary discipleship to the Lord Jesus Christ.

I enter this decade fully aware that for my own earthly Father it was his final decade of life and that there are no guarantees when it comes to how long God gives us on this earth.  I desire to be a good and faithful servant for the time ahead that I may be a vibrant witness to the risen Christ as long as I have breath.

How do you number your days?  How have you experienced God’s grace and goodness over the years?  How might you look in the “rear view mirror” of your pilgrimage in this world and be able to say, “Look – there is God at work” in order to encourage others in their next most faithful step towards a relationship with Jesus?

Ross Lockhart is Associate Professor at St. Andrew’s Hall, Vancouver and Director of The Centre for Missional Leadership.

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In Search of Civility: A Time for Tricksters?

Rabbi David Ellis of Halifax alerted me to a fine recent article by Martin Marty, the great historian of Christianity (a.k.a the Fairfax M. Cone Distinguished Service Professor Emeritus of the History of Modern Christianity at the University of Chicago Divinity School).

Reflecting on the political and social upheavals underway in the modern West, Marty suggests that “revenge, hatred, malice, envy, the impulse to detract, and spite” (as Max Scheler [1874-1928] phrased it) are thriving in our contemporary societies.

“So much,” writes Marty, “for tolerance, civility, empathy, mutuality, and dialogue!”


Marty points to the phenomenon of resentment (again drawing from Scheler) as a way to account for these troubles. Populism, elitism, scapegoating, and other social forces arise, he argues, from the sense that one is not getting what one deserves or needs.

I would add to Marty’s analysis the way in which capitalism has exacerbated the sense of entitlement among so many of us … and once one feels deprived of these material goods in any way, one starts looking for evildoers (scapegoats?) who are the cause of one’s deprivation. Mass media only gives a megaphone to consumerist messaging.

So there is the problem. Most or many of us will recognize it.

I have been aware of a sense of gloom and foreboding among those I know best in recent weeks. We fear the worst.

Perhaps—as persons of faith—we ought also to hope for the best. Indeed, we ought to seek and work toward the best.

As a Christian, I am a person of hope, though my hope continues to be lodged not in the human capacity for self-rescue but in the transformative power of Jesus Christ, who through the Holy Spirit can and will bring about repentance, transformation, and renewal.

But there may be hard roads ahead. And the way in which the triune God will judge injustice may yet leave us squirming. Core to my convictions is the belief that God does not wink at injustice and inequity, but actively seeks to overcome it.

Martin Marty describes as “ever more urgent the work of civil volunteers, humanitarians, religious providers of opportunity, humane activists … [and those who] manifest what one scripture calls ‘the more excellent way’ of love.” Such persons are dearly needed in our time. To Marty’s list I would add artists, musicians, clowns, jesters, and tricksters

Are you one of these people?

I wonder if you may have been born for a time such as this.

You can find Martin Marty’s full article here
Image: Reynard the Fox from Wikimedia.org 

Rob Fennell is Acting Academic Dean of Atlantic School of Theology in Halifax, Nova Scotia.

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Salt n’ Light

If you’ve every spent a winter in Vancouver you’ll know that there is very little salt or light.  Growing up in Winnipeg I know that most Canadians experience a great dose of both salt and light.  Salt, liberally spread on the icy roads in the winter to keep driving and walking safe.  Light, on the other hand, in the brilliant reflection of the winter sun on snow covered fields and roofs that lift people’s spirits and have them say things like, “Well, it’s a dry cold.”

Most winters in Vancouver have neither salt nor light.  There is no need for salt on the roads where it only dips below freezing every few years.  There is no light in the winter as dark and stormy rain clouds hover over the Pacific Northwest from Portland to Port Moody, mid-autumn to early spring.  And then, there is this year.

I remember flying out of Vancouver in December 2008 just before the last big snowstorm shut down the city.  Sure, we’ve had a bit of snow since then over the years.  It comes for a day or two and then melts.  Frosty the Snowman has a short shelf life here on the west coast.  This year, however, is different.

Snow started falling (and staying on the ground!) on December 5th.  Over a month later as I write this blog, there are beautiful large, white snowflakes dancing down from the sky outside my window.  The snow is bright and beautiful in this city covering golf courses, palm trees and distant mountain peaks.  Yes, there is light in Vancouver this winter.  But it appears, there is not as much salt as some people think they need.

The region is running low on salt and residents are gripping that back streets have not been plowed or properly cleared making alleyways and sidewalks a skating rink.  The City of Vancouver responded by offering free salt this past week available in large piles in front of local fire halls.  The result, humanity’s flaws on display for the whole nation to see.

While hearing Vancouverites complaints about icy streets and -1 degree Celsius weather is embarrassing to me and hilarious to the rest of the country, sights and sounds from local media outlets watching people fighting over limited free salt has not been as entertaining.  For some, it seems inconceivable that in polite, refined urban Canada today citizens could be shoving and yelling at others, jumping queues or letting their tempers flair to the point where police have to intervene.  And yet, as a Reformed Christian, one of my favourite doctrines has long been Total Human Depravity.  Yup, when I came to Christ as a teenager, part of it was taking stock of the world’s claims that “deep down we’re good people and can solve our own problems” verses the gospel’s claims that “deep down we’re messed up and selfish, sinful and broken, and need a Saviour to rescue us.”  Um, it was pretty clear around me and inside me that the latter statement was true.  Total Human Depravity.  And there it was, on full display this week, as neighbour fought neighbour for free salt in the streets.  I don’t think I was the only one who wondered what will happen when the big earthquake eventually strikes this region.  If we can’t even share salt with our neighbour what will happen when buildings collapse, bridges fail and our food and water supplies run low.  Lord, have mercy.

Sharing salt and light with our neighbours.  Hmm, I’ve heard that somewhere before:


You are the salt of the earth; but if salt has lost its saltiness be restored?

It is no longer good for anything, but is thrown out and trampled under foot.

You are the light of the world.  A city built on a hill cannot be hid. (Matthew 5: 14 & 14)


Now might be a good time for followers of Jesus in this city to ask themselves how their devotion to Christ might translate into something visible – salt and light for those around them.  Today is a great day to speak and act as one living with full awareness of the covenant of grace and abiding love in the one who is the Mediator of that same covenant.  Time to be seasoned by the Saviour and a bright light in this season of Epiphany!

Ross Lockhart is Associate Professor at St. Andrew’s Hall, UBC and teaches at The Vancouver School of Theology and Regent College.

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Goodbye 2016…hello, 2017!  It’s New Year’s once again.  It was quiet at my local North Vancouver gym this morning.  I was thinking on the treadmill, however, that in a few days my gym on Lonsdale Avenue will be overrun by locals desperately trying to keep their New Year’s resolutions.  Everything should be back to normal in two weeks.

How about you?  Have you made a New Year’s resolution?

Jonathan Edwards, one of my favorite Puritan New England theologians, made resolutions to try and keep himself in a committed relationship with our Triune God – Father, Son and Holy Spirit.  In fact, he made over 70 of them ranging from a dedicated prayer life to how to be healthy and active in community.  It’s a little unclear whether two of his resolutions were actually made by Edwards or perhaps they live more in Protestant hagiography rather than history.  Whether true or not, I like them.  It is attributed to Edwards that he said:

Resolution One: I will live for God.

Resolution Two: If no one else does, I still will.

I like that.  How about you?  What might your Christian New Year’s resolution look like?  Forget about going to gym or going easy at the buffet for a moment, what resolution might help you participate in the life of the Triune God?  What might help you on a daily basis in 2017 participate through the Spirit in the Son’s communion with the Father?

A pretty good starting place is with another one of my favorite Christians now in the Communion of Saints – John Wesley. Sure, his theology was more Arminian than Calvinist but he was a great evangelical and revivalist and for that I love him. Besides, without John’s brother Charles and his 6,000 hymns we would have treasures like Hark the Herald Sings at Christmas!

John was a preachers’ kid who followed in the family business being ordained an Anglican Priest in 1728. He was more of a cultural Christian in some ways, struggling with what he actually believed. A failed missionary stint in the future state of Georgia in America had him back in London and at his lowest point in 1738. That’s when a friend invited him to a prayer meeting in a neighbourhood called Aldersgate on May 24. It was there, as someone read Martin Luther’s preface to the Romans that he felt his heart strangely warmed and he trusted in Jesus Christ as his Saviour. He wrote:

I felt my heart strangely warmed. I felt I did trust in Christ, Christ alone for salvation; and an assurance was given me that He had taken away my sins, even mine, and saved me from the law of sin and death.”

Wesley understood that what Jesus accomplished on the cross was the promised offered to Abraham in the covenant of old. God is true to his Word. But as Scottish Presbyterian theologian James B. Torrance says so beautifully,

More important than our experience of Christ is the Christ of our experience.

I think Wesley would agree. For as important as the heart strangely warmed was to him, he realized who Jesus Christ was for the whole world. The revival that he participated in helped bring about evangelical witness on a global scale. As a way to keep those involved in the evangelical revival faithful to the Triune God, Wesley wrote a beautiful covenant prayer. As the revival spread over the decades and centuries many would say this prayer at the start of a new year. For me, it is the best Christian New Year’s resolution I’ve experienced in my walk of faith with Jesus …and I like to invite you to with me in praying it whether this day finds you:

I am no longer my own but yours.

Your will, not  mine, be done in all things,

wherever you may place me,

in all that I do

and in all that I may endure;

when there is work for me

and when there is none;

when I am troubled

and when I am at peace.

Your will be done

when I am valued

and when I am disregarded;

when I find fulfillment

and when it is lacking;

when I have all things,

and when I have nothing.

I willingly offer

all that I have and am

to serve you,

as and where you choose.


Glorious and blessed God,

Father, Son and Holy Spirit

you are mine and I am yours.

May it be so for ever.

Let this covenant now made on earth

be fulfilled in heaven.  Amen.


Ross Lockhart is Associate Professor at St. Andrew’s Hall, UBC and teaches at The Vancouver School of Theology and Regent College.

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Almost There

Advent and Christmas in North America offer us more opportunities than we want to be BUSY. The great cultural obsession with busy-ness as a “virtue” finds its zenith in this season: shopping, buying, decorating, cleaning, shoveling, driving, visiting, letter writing, wrapping, giving, getting, cooking, partying, eating, drinking, cleaning up, putting away…

… oh, yes, and maybe a few stolen moments for praying, singing, worshipping.

Sometimes Christmas feels like one giant “TO DO” list. No wonder people get grouchy and grinchy, and more seriously, quite troubled. On top of all these obligations is the weight of expectations and hopes and memories – some happy, some sad.


If you are still with me, I’m not going to keep you long.

In this world of many worries, I invite you to take a moment now (and I know you have million things to do), and stretch some muscles—fingers, arms, neck, or back, anything.

Stretch and breathe, just for one quiet moment.

Taking this quiet second, as you read and stretch and breathe, is all you need to do to prepare to receive the peace of God.


When Christmas comes, and whenever you can prayerfully celebrate it, try that little stretch again. Take the deep breaths. When Christmas comes, the gift of the Christ child, God-with-us-among-us-Emmanuel, is the gift of peace.

 We’re almost there. Keep breathing.

 Rob Fennell teaches theology and the history of Christianity at Atlantic School of Theology in Halifax, Nova Scotia.

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